Benchmarks and Standards

     Ralston's First Grade Standards & Benchmarks

Language Arts
Reading Traits and Processes
The student will:
  •     * understand concepts of print.
  •     * use clues to establish meaning.
  •     * use basic elements of word analysis to decode unknown words.
  •     * understand level-appropriate sight words and vocabulary.
  •     * use self-correction strategies.
  •     * read aloud familiar stories, poems, and passages with fluency and         expression.
Reading Comprehension
The student will:
  •     * know the characteristics of a variety of literary forms and genre.
  •     * know setting, main characters, main events, sequence, problems,            and themes in stories.
  •     * make simple inferences regarding the order of events and possible       outcomes.
  •     * know the main ideas or themes in literature.
  •     * understand a variety of informational text.
  •     * understand the main idea and supporting details of                               informational text.
  •     * retell information found in text.
Writing
The student will:
  •     * use pre-writing to plan written work.
  •     * use strategies to draft and revise written work.
  •     * use strategies to edit and publish written work.
  •     * evaluate his/her own and other's writing.
  •     * use writing and other methods to describe familiar persons, places,       objects, or experiences.
  •     * write a variety of forms or genres.
Speaking
The student will:
  •     * make contributions in class and group discussions.
  •     * ask and respond to questions.
  •     * follow the rules of conversation.
  •     * use different voice levels, phrasing, and intonation.
  •     * use level-appropriate vocabulary in speech.
  •     * give and respond to oral directions.
  •     * listen and respond to a variety of media.
  •     * demonstrate social skills of audience behavior.
Math
Numbers and Operations
The student will:
  •     * read and write numbers to 100 (in and out of sequence).
  •     * write sums to 10 (horizontally and vertically) in a timed setting.
  •     * write differences subtracting from 10 or less (horizontally and               vertically) in a timed setting.
Algebra and Problem Solving
The student will:
  •     * use comparison vocabulary such as "greater than," "less than," and       "equal to."
  •     * problem-solve using grade level appropriate computation skills and       processes.
Geometry and Measurement
The student will:
  •     * analyze, classify, and describe geometric shapes.
  •     * understand measurable attributes of objects.
  •     * identify and know the value of a penny, nickel, dime and quarter.
Science
Unifying Concepts and Processes
The student will:
  •     * develop an understanding of systems, order, and organization.
  •     * develop an understanding of change, constancy, and measurement.
  •     * develop an understanding of form and function.

Physical Science
The student will:
  •     * develop an understanding of the characteristics of materials.
Life Science
The student will:
  •     * develop an understanding of the characteristics of living things.
  •     * develop an understanding of the life cycles of organisms.
Earth and Space Science
The student will:
  •     * develop an understanding of the characteristics of earth materials.
  •     * develop an understanding of the objects in the sky.
  •     * develop an understanding of the changes in the earth and sky.
Science in Personal and Social Perspectives
The student will:
  •     * develop an understanding of personal health.
  •     * develop an understanding of resources.
Social Studies
Individual Development and Identity
The student will:
  •     * understand that one's personal identity is shaped by one's culture,         groups, and institutional influences.
  •     * identify their personal interests and abilities.
  •     * understand why rules are necessary.
Production, Distribution, and Consumption
The student will:
  •     * understand the role of policies and technology in all three phases of     production, distribution, and consumption.
  •     * understand how money is used daily for the purchase of goods and       services.
  •     * identify how families use their money.
Science, Technology, and Society
The student will:
  •     * understand how the evolution of science and technology has and            will continue to influence society.
Health
Health Information
The student will:
  •     * demonstrate the ability to identify and access accurate health               information and health promoting practices, products, and services.
  •     * identify sources of accurate health information and health-promoting     products and services.
  •     * demonstrate the ability to locate resources from home, school,             and/or community that provide accurate health information.
Communication
The student will:
  •     * demonstrate the ability to use communication skills to promote             healthy lifestyles.
Community Health
The student will:
  •     * demonstrate the ability to influence and support others in making         positive health choices.
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